Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory

Speech-in-Noise Perception:
Biological bases


Speech in Noise Slideshow


Hearing in Noise
Phonak Audiology Seminar, August 30, 2018
Hearing in Noise: Insights from Noise Exposure, Hearing Loss, Aging, Concussion, Auditory Enrichment and Deprivation

Widex Audiological Summit
Widex Audiological Summit, May 4, 2017
Our life in sound and hearing health

neural encoding of speech in noise
Only Human, WNYC, December 1, 2015
Your brain on sound

neural encoding of speech in noise
National Science Foundation: How Musical Training Affects Older Adults' Speech Perception in a Noisy Environment

neural encoding of speech in noise



Smith SB, Krizman J, Liu C, White-Schwoch T, Nicol T, & Kraus N Investigating peripheral sources of speech-in-noise variability in listeners with normal audiograms. Hearing Research.


Slater, Kraus, Woodruff Carr, Tierney, Azem, Ashley. Speech-in-noise perception is linked to rhythm production skills in adult percussionists and non-musicians. Lang Cogn Neurosci.


Thompson, Woodruff Carr, White-Schwoch, Otto-Meyer, Kraus Individual differences in speech-in-noise perception parallel neural speech processing and attention in preschoolers. Hear Res.

Kraus, White-Schwoch Neural markers of listening in noise. Hear J.

Kraus Editorial: Hearing in noise: the brain health connection. Hear J.


Thompson, Woodruff Carr, White-Schwoch, Tierney, Nicol, Kraus Hemispheric asymmetry of endogenous neural oscillations in young children: Implications for hearing speech in noise. Sci Rep.


Slater, Skoe, Strait, O'Connell, Thompson, Kraus Music training improves speech-in-noise perception: Longitudinal evidence from a community-based music program. Behav Brain Res.
Slater, Kraus The role of rhythm in perceiving speech in noise: A comparison of percussionists, vocalists and non-musicians. Cogn Process.


Kraus, Anderson Music benefits across the lifespan: Enhanced processing of speech in noise. Hear Rev.


Kraus 20Q: Noise, aging and the brain - how experience and training can improve communication. AudiologyOnline.
Strait, OConnell, Parbery-Clark, Kraus Biological impact of preschool music classes on processing speech in noise. Dev Cogn Neurosci.
Kraus Playing music to improve hearing in noise and tune the brain. ENT & Audiol News.
Anderson, White-Schwoch, Parbery-Clark, Kraus A dynamic auditory-cognitive system supports speech-in-noise perception in older adults. Hear Res.
Anderson, Parbery-Clark, White-Schwoch, Kraus Auditory brainstem response to complex sounds predicts self-reported speech-in-noise performance. JSLHR.


Strait, Parbery-Clark, Hittner, Kraus Musical training during early childhood enhances the neural encoding of speech in noise. Brain Lang.
Kraus, Anderson (2012) Hearing matters: Hearing with our brains. Hear J.
Kraus Biological impact of music and software-based auditory training. J Commun Disord.
Anderson, Kraus cABR: A neural probe of speech-in-noise processing. Proceedings of ISAAR 2011.
Song, Skoe, Banai, Kraus Training to improve hearing speech in noise: Biological mechanisms. Cereb Cortex.


Tierney, Parbery-Clark, Skoe, Kraus Frequency-dependent effects of background noise on subcortical response timing. Hear Res.
Parbery-Clark, Strait, Kraus Context-dependent encoding in the auditory brainstem subserves enhanced speech-in-noise perception in musicians. Neuropsychologia.
Anderson, Kraus Neural encoding of speech and music: Implications for hearing speech in noise. Seminars in Hearing.
Anderson, Parbery-Clark, Han-Gyol, Kraus A neural basis of speech-in-noise perception in older adults. Ear Hear.
Parbery-Clark, Strait, Anderson, Hittner, Kraus Musical experience and the aging auditory system: Implications for cognitive abilities and hearing speech in noise. PLoS ONE.
Hornickel, Chandrasekaran, Zecker, Kraus Auditory brainstem measures predict reading and speech-in-noise perception in school-aged children. Behav Brain Res.
Parbery-Clark, Marmel, Bair, Kraus What subcortical-cortical relationships tell us about processing speech in noise. Eur J Neurosci.
Song, Skoe, Banai, Kraus Perception of speech in noise: Neural correlates. J Cogn Neurosci.


Anderson,Chandrasekaran, Yi, Kraus Cortical-evoked potentials reflect speech-in-noise perception in children. Eur J Neurosci.
Anderson, Skoe, Chandrasekaran, Zecker, Kraus Brainstem correlates of speech-in-noise perception in children. Hear Res.
Anderson, Kraus Objective neural indices of speech-in-noise perception. Trends in Amplification.
Anderson,Kraus Sensory-cognitive interaction in the neural encoding of speech in noise: A review. JAAA.
Anderson, Skoe, Chandrasekaran, Kraus Neural timing is linked to speech perception in noise. J Neurosci.
Chandrasekaran, Kraus Music, noise-exclusion, and learning. Music Percept.


Chandrasekaran, Hornickel, Skoe, Nicol, Kraus Context-dependent encoding in the human auditory brainstem relates to hearing speech in noise: Implications for developmental dyslexia. Neuron.
Hornickel, Skoe, Nicol, Zecker, Kraus Subcortical differentiation of voiced stop consonants: relationships to reading and speech in noise perception. PNAS.
Parbery-Clark, Skoe, Kraus Musical experience limits the degradative effects of background noise on the neural processing of sound. J Neurosci.
Parbery-Clark, Skoe, Lam, Kraus Musician enhancement for speech in noise. Ear Hear.

2008 and earlier

Abrams, Nicol, Zecker, Kraus Right-hemisphere auditory cortex is dominant for coding syllable patterns in speech. J Neurosci.
Russo, Nicol, Zecker, Hayes, Kraus Auditory training improves neural timing in the human brainstem. Behav Brain Res.
Warrier, Johnson, Hayes, Nicol, Kraus Learning impaired children exhibit timing deficits and training-related improvements in auditory cortical responses to speech in noise. Exp Brain Res.
Bradlow, Kraus, Hayes Speaking clearly for children with learning disabilities: Sentence perception in noise. JSLHR.
Wible, Nicol, Kraus Abnormal neural encoding of repeated speech stimuli in noise in children with learning problems. Clin Neurophysiol.
Cunningham, Nicol, Zecker, Kraus Neurobiologic responses to speech in noise in children with learning problems: Deficits and strategies for improvement. Clin Neurophysiol.