Bilingualism: Biological Bases


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  • Krizman J, Bradlow AR, Lam SS, Kraus N (2017) How bilinguals listen in noise: linguistic and non-linguistic factors. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 20(4):834-843.
  • Krizman J, Marian V, Shook A, Skoe E, Kraus N (2012) Subcortical encoding of sound is enhanced in bilinguals and relates to executive function advantages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(20): 7877-7881.
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  • Song JH, Skoe E, Wong PCM, Kraus N (2008) Plasticity in the adult human auditory brainstem following short-term linguistic training. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 20(10): 1892-1902.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Bilingualism enhances neural speech encoding. Hearing Journal. 67(7): 40.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2017) The bilingualism paradox. Hearing Journal. 70(1): 40-42.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2018) Impact of life experiences on hearing in noise. Hearing Journal. 71(11): 46-47.