Publications

Dissertations
Awards

For Clinicians – Hearing Journal

Publications by Project

Music     Concussion     Reading     Speech in Noise     Aging     Bilingualism     Neuroeducation     Autism     Technologies

2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999-1990 1989-1980

2022

  • Patel S, Winston M, Guilfoyle J, Nicol T, Martin G, Nayar K, Kraus N, Losh M (2022) Neural Processing of Speech Sounds in ASD and First-Degree Relatives. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. DOI:10.1007/s10803-022-05562-7
  • White-Schwoch T, Anderson S, Krizman J, Bonacina S, Nicol T, Bradlow AR, Kraus N (2022) Multiple cases of auditory neuropathy illuminate the importance of subcortical neural synchrony for speech-in-noise recognition and the frequency-following response. Ear and Hearing. 43(2): 605-619
  • Kraus N, Nicol T (2022) 'Safe' Noise Harms the Brain. Hearing Journal. 75(4)
  • 2021
    2021 Newsletter
  • Kraus N (2021) Of Sound Mind. MIT Press.
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  • Kraus N (2021) Memory for Sound: The BEAMS Hypothesis. Hearing Research. 407: 108291
  • Krizman J, Rotondo EK, Nicol T, Kraus N, Bieszczad K (2021) Sex differences in auditory processing vary across estrous cycle. Scientific Reports. 11: 22898
  • Bonacina S, Huang S, White-Schwoch T, Krizman J, Nicol T, Kraus N (2021) Rhythm, Reading, and Sound Processing in the Brain in Preschool Children. npj Science of Learning. 6, 20
  • Bonacina S, Krizman J, White-Schwoch T, Nicol T, Kraus N (2021) Clapping in time with feedback relates pervasively with other rhythmic skills of adolescents and young adults. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 128(3) 952–968
  • Kraus N (2021) Descending Control in the Auditory System: A Perspective. Frontiers in Neuroscience, section Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience. 15:769192
  • Krizman J, Bonacina S, Otto-Meyer R, Kraus N (2021) Non-stimulus-evoked activity as a measure of neural noise in the frequency-following response. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 362: 109290
  • Krizman J, Tierney A, Nicol T, Kraus N (2021) Listening in the moment: How bilingualism interacts with task demands to shape active listening. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 15: 717572
  • Lichtenstein J, Bowers C, Amato J, Niemczak C, Fellows A, Magohe A, Haile H, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N, Massawe E, Moshi N, Buckey JC (2021) Nonverbal cognitive assessment of children in Tanzania with and without HIV. Child Neuropsychology. 28:1, 107-119
  • Niemczak C, Fellows A, Lichtenstein J, White-Schwoch T, Magohe A, Gui J, Wilbur J, Clavier O, Massawe E, Moshi N, Boivin M, Kraus N, Buckey JC (2021) Central auditory tests track cognitive function in those with HIV: Longitudinal cohort study. JMIR Formative Research. 5:e26406
  • Niemczak C, White-Schwoch T, Fellows A, Magohe A, Gui J, Rieke C, Nicol T, Massawe ER, Moshi N, Kraus N, Buckey JC (2021) Peripheral auditory function in young HIV-positive adults with clinically normal hearing. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. DOI: 10.1177/01945998211047147
  • Skoe E, Krizman J, Spitzer E, Kraus N (2021) Auditory Cortical Changes Precede Brainstem Changes During Rapid Implicit Learning: Evidence From Human EEG. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 15:718230
  • Thompson EC, Estabrook R, Krizman J, Smith S, Huang S, White-Schwoch T, Nicol T, Kraus N (2021) Auditory neurophysiological development of children ages 3-8: a growth curve modeling approach. Clinical Neurophysiology. 132: 2110–2122
  • White-Schwoch T, Krizman J, Nicol T, Kraus N (2021) Case studies in neuroscience: Cortical contributions to the frequency-following response depend on subcortical synchrony. Journal of Neurophysiology. 125: 273-281
  • Barrett K, Ashley R, Strait D, Skoe E, Limb C, Kraus N (2021) Multi-voiced Music Bypasses Attentional Limitations in the Brain. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 15:588914
  • Kraus N (2021) Editorial: Cheers to Dr. Arnold Starr. Hearing Journal. 74(2): 6
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2021) Learning to listen to the beat. Hearing Journal. 74(9): 47-48
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2021) Sex, brains, and learning disabilities. Hearing Journal. 74(2): 46
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2021) Does autism affect auditory processing?. Hearing Journal. 74(5): 46-47
  • Kraus N (2021) Editorial: RHYTHM: A Case for Digital Music Medicine. Hearing Journal. 74(7): 6-9
  • 2020
    2020 Newsletter
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2020) The argument for music education. American Scientist. 108: 210-213
  • Krizman J, Lindley T, Bonacina S, Colegrove D, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2020) Play sports for a quieter brain: evidence from division I collegiate athletes. Sports Health. 12(2): 154–158
  • Bonacina S, Krizman J, White-Schwoch T, Nicol T, Kraus N (2020) Distinct rhythmic abilities align with phonological awareness and rapid naming in school-age children. Cognitive Processing. 21: 575–581
  • Krizman J, Bonacina S, Kraus N (2020) Sex differences in subcortical auditory processing only partially explain higher prevalence of language disorders in males. Hearing Research. 398: 108075
  • White-Schwoch T, Krizman J, McCracken K, Burgess JK, Thompson EC, Nicol T, Kraus, N, LaBella CR (2020) Baseline profiles of auditory, vestibular, and visual functions in youth tackle football players. Concussion. 66:1-17
  • White-Schwoch T, Magohe AK, Fellows AM, Rieke CC, Vilarello B, Nicol T, Massawe ER, Moshi N, Kraus N, Buckey JC (2020) Auditory neurophysiology reveals central nervous system dysfunction in HIV-infected individuals. Clinical Neurophysiology. 131:1827-1832
  • Jones M, Kraus N, Bonacina S, Nicol T, Otto-Meyer S, Roberts M (2020) Auditory processing differences in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 63(5): 1608-1617
  • White-Schwoch T, Anderson S, Kraus N (2020) Long-term follow-up of a patient with auditory neuropathy and normal hearing thresholds. JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 146(5): 499-501
  • White-Schwoch T, Krizman J, McCracken K, Burgess JK, Thompson EC, Nicol T, LaBella, CR, Kraus, N (2020) Performance on auditory, vestibular, and visual tests is stable across two seasons of youth tackle football. Brain Injury. 34: 236-244
  • Clark J, Donai J, Kraus N, Smith K, Sydlowski S, Zeng FG (2020) Editorial: Audiological needs, solutions in COVID-19. Hearing Journal. 73(6): 6-9
  • Kraus N (2020) Editorial: The athlete's auditory world. Hearing Journal. Hearing Journal. 73(2): 6
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2020) Auditory roots of literacy skills. Hearing Journal. 73(2): 46
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2020) Concussion management: The role for audiology. Hearing Journal. 73(4): 44-45
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2020) How HIV disrupts the hearing brain. Hearing Journal. 73(10): 44
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2020) Listening in on the listening brain. Hearing Journal. 73(7): 46
  • 2019
    2019 Newsletter
  • Krizman J, Kraus N (2019) Analyzing the FFR: A tutorial for decoding the richness of auditory function. Hearing Research. 382: 107779
  • Coffey E, Nicol T, White-Schwoch T, Chandrasekaran B, Krizman J, Skoe E, Zatorre R, Kraus N (2019) Evolving perspectives on the sources of the frequency-following response. Nature Communications. 10:5036
  • Krizman J, Bonacina S, Kraus N (2019) Sex differences in subcortical auditory processing emerge across development. Hearing Research. 380: 166-174
  • Thompson EC, Krizman J, White-Schwoch T, Nicol T, Estabrook R, Kraus N (2019) Neurophysiological, linguistic, and cognitive predictors of children’s ability to perceive speech in noise. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 39: 100672
  • White-Schwoch T, Anderson S, Krizman J, Nicol T, Kraus N (2019) Case studies in neuroscience: Subcortical origins of the frequency-following response. Journal of Neurophysiology. 122: 844-848
  • Bonacina S, Krizman J, White-Schwoch T, Nicol T, Kraus N (2019) How rhythmic skills relate and develop in school-age children. Global Pediatric Health. 6: 1-7
  • Bonacina S, Otto-Meyer S, Krizman J, White-Schwoch T, Nicol T, Kraus N (2019) Stable auditory processing underlies phonological awareness in typically developing preschoolers. Brain and Language. 197: 104664
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2019) Auditory neurophysiology of reading impairment: Theory and management. Pediatric Audiology: Diagnosis, Technology, and Management. 3rd edition. Madell J, Flexer C, Schafer E, Wolfe J, eds. Thieme, New York, NY
  • Smith SB, Krizman J, Liu C, White-Schwoch T, Nicol T, Kraus N (2019) Investigating peripheral sources of speech-in-noise variability in listeners with normal audiograms. Hearing Research. 371: 66-74.
  • Kraus N (2019) Editorial: Sex differences in sound processing. Hearing Journal. 72(10): 6
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2019) Demystifying children's speech-in-noise perception. Hearing Journal. 72(9): 46-47
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2019) When (part of) the brain can't hear. Hearing Journal. 72(12): 40
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2019) Difficulty hearing in noise? Listen to the brain. Hearing Journal. 72(4): 46-48
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2019) How children learn to hear in noise. Hearing Journal. 72(6): 46-48
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2019) Training older adults to hear better. Hearing Journal. 72(1): 46-47
  • 2018
  • Bonacina S, Krizman J, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2018) Clapping in time parallels literacy and calls upon overlapping neural mechanisms in early readers. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1423: 338–348.
  • Kraus N, Krizman J (2018) An auditory perspective on concussion. Audiology Today.
  • Kraus N, Nicol T (2018) Brainstem encoding of speech and music sounds in humans. “The Oxford Handbook of The Auditory Brainstem” (Karl Kandler, Ed). Oxford University Press
  • Otto-Meyer S, Krizman J, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2018) Children with autism spectrum disorder have unstable neural responses to sound. Experimental Brain Research. 236:3 (733-743).
  • Slater J, Kraus N, Woodruff Carr K, Tierney A, Azem A, Ashley R (2018) Speech-in-noise perception is linked to rhythm production skills in adult percussionists and non-musicians. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. 33(6):710-717
  • Thompson EC, Krizman J, White-Schwoch T, Nicol T, LaBella C, Kraus N (2018) Difficulty hearing in noise: a sequela of concussion in children. Brain Injury. 32:6 (763-769).
  • Kraus N (2018) Editorial: Promoting sound health. Hearing Journal. 71(11): 6.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2018) Concussions impair listening-in-noise abilities. Hearing Journal. 71(5): 44-46
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2018) How feedback synchronizes the auditory brain. Hearing Journal. 71(9): 44-46
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2018) Impact of life experiences on hearing in noise. Hearing Journal. 71(11): 46-47.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2018) New connections in music therapy and audiology. Hearing Journal. 71(7): 44-46
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2018) Sound resolutions for the new year. Hearing Journal. 71(1): 46
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2018) Unreliable auditory processing in autism. Hearing Journal. 71(3): 40-43.
  • 2017
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2017) Neurobiology of everyday communication: what have we learned from music. The Neuroscientist. 23(3): 287-298.
  • Abrams DA, Nicol T, White-Schwoch T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2017) Population responses in primary auditory cortex simultaneously represent the temporal envelope and periodicity features in natural speech. Hearing Research. 348:31-43.
  • Cheng Y, Jia G, Zhang Y, Hao H, Shan Y, Yu L, Sun X, Zheng Q, Kraus N, Merzenich MM, Zhou X (2017) Positive impacts of early auditory training on cortical processing at an older age. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114(24):6364–6369.
  • Intartaglia B, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N, Schön D (2017) Music training enhances the automatic neural processing of foreign speech sounds. Scientific Reports. 7: 12631
  • Kraus N (2017) How sound can be an ally or an enemy of a healthy brain. Scientific American. Guest blog, February 23, 2017
  • Kraus N, Anderson S, White-Schwoch T (2017) Introduction: The frequency-following response: A Window into human communication. The Frequency-following Response: A Window into Human Communication (N. Kraus, S. Anderson, T. White-Schwoch, R.R. Fay, A.N. Popper, eds.). Springer-Nature, New York, NY
  • Kraus N, Anderson S, White-Schwoch T, Fay RR, Popper AN (2017) The frequency-following response: A window into human communication. Springer-Nature, New York, NY.
  • Kraus N, Lindley T, Colegrove D, Krizman J, Otto-Meyer S, Thompson E, White-Schwoch T (2017) The neural legacy of a single concussion. Neuroscience Letters. 646: 21-23.
  • Kraus N, Nicol T (2017) The power of sound for brain health. Nature Human Behaviour. 1: 700-702
  • Kraus N, Smith SB (2017) Thinking outside the sound booth: Assessing and managing auditory processing disorder in an auditory-cognitive neuroscience framework. Geffner D, Ross-Swain, D (3rd Ed.) Auditory Processing Disorders: Assessment, Management, and Treatment. Plural Publishing
  • Krizman J, Bradlow AR, Lam SS, Kraus N (2017) How bilinguals listen in noise: linguistic and non-linguistic factors. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 20(4):834-843.
  • Lam S-Y, White-Schwoch T, Zecker SG, Hornickel J, Kraus N (2017) Neural stability: A reflection of automaticity in reading. Neuropsychologia. 103:162-167.
  • Neef NE, Müller B, Liebig J, Schaadt G, Grigutsch M, Gunter TC, Wilcke A, Kirsten H, Skeide MA, Kraft I, Kraus N, Emmrich F, Brauer J, Boltze J, Friederici AD (2017) Dyslexia risk gene relates to representation of sound in the auditory brainstem. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 24: 63-71.
  • Slater J, Ashley R, Tierney A, Kraus N (2017) Got rhythm? Better inhibitory control is linked with more consistent drumming and enhanced neural tracking of the musical beat in adult percussionists and nonpercussionists. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 30(1): 14-24
  • Slater J, Azem A, Nicol T, Swedenborg B, Kraus N (2017) Variations on the theme of musical expertise: cognitive and sensory processing in percussionists, vocalists and non-musicians. European Journal of Neuroscience. 45(7): 952-963.
  • Thompson E, Woodruff Carr K, White-Schwoch T, Otto-Meyer S, Kraus N (2017) Individual differences in speech-in-noise perception parallel neural speech processing and attention in preschoolers. Hearing Research. 344: 148-157.
  • Tierney A, White-Schwoch T, MacLean J, Kraus N (2017) Individual differences in rhythmic skills: links with neural consistency and linguistic ability. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 29(5): 855-868.
  • White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2017) The Janus face of auditory learning: How life in sound shapes everyday communication. In The Frequency-following Response: A Window into Human Communication (N. Kraus, S. Anderson, T. White-Schwoch, R.R. Fay, A.N. Popper, eds.). Springer-Nature, New York, NY.
  • White-Schwoch T, Nicol T, Warrier CM, Abrams DA, Kraus N (2017) Individual differences in human auditory processing: insights from single-trial auditory midbrain activity in an animal model. Cerebral Cortex. 27(11): 5095-5115.
  • Woodruff Carr K, Fitzroy AB, Tierney A, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2017) Incorporation of feedback during beat synchronization is an index of neural maturation and reading skills. Brain and Language. 164: 43-52.
  • Kraus N (2017) Editorial: Hearing in noise: the brain health connection. Hearing Journal. 70(7): 6.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2017) Do concussions leave a lasting imprint on the hearing brain. Hearing Journal. 70(5): 42-45
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2017) Feel the vibrations: The hearing-emotion connection. Hearing Journal. 70(9): 52-53.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2017) Listening to the brain to suss out concussions. Hearing Journal. 70(3): 56-57.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2017) Music keeps the hearing brain young. Hearing Journal. 70(11): 44-46
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2017) Neural markers of listening in noise. Hearing Journal. 70(7): 44-45.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2017) The bilingualism paradox. Hearing Journal. 70(1): 40-42.
  • 2016
  • Krizman J, Skoe E, Kraus N (2016) Bilingual enhancements have no socioeconomic boundaries. Developmental Science. 19(6): 881–891.
  • Intartaglia B, White-Schwoch T, Meunier C, Roman S, Kraus N, Schön D (2016) Native language shapes automatic neural processing of speech. Neuropsychologia. 89: 57-65.
  • Kraus N (2016) Music, hearing, and education: from the lab to the classroom. ENT and Audiology News. 25(4): 94-96.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2016) Auditory processing disorder: biological basis and treatment efficacy. Translational Research in Audiology, Neurotology, and the Hearing Sciences. Le Prell, CG, Lobarinas E, Popper AN, Fay RR, eds. Springer Science+Business Media, Berlin, Germany.
  • Kraus N, Slater J (2016) Beyond words: how humans communicate through sound. Annual Review of Psychology. 67: 83–103.
  • Kraus N, Thompson EC, Krizman J, Cook K, White-Schwoch T, LaBella CR (2016) Auditory biological marker of concussion in children. Nature: Scientific Reports. 6: 39009.
  • Slater J, Kraus N (2016) The role of rhythm in perceiving speech in noise: a comparison of percussionists, vocalists and non-musicians. Cognitive Processing. 17(1): 79–87.
  • Thompson EC, Woodruff Carr K, White-Schwoch T, Tierney A, Nicol T, Kraus N (2016) Hemispheric asymmetry of endogenous neural oscillations in young children: implications for hearing speech in noise. Scientific Reports. 6: 19737.
  • Tierney A, Kraus N (2016) Getting back on the beat: links between auditory-motor integration and precise auditory processing at fast time scales. European Journal of Neuroscience. 43: 782-791.
  • Woodruff Carr K, Tierney A, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2016) Intertrial auditory neural stability supports beat synchronization in preschoolers. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 17: 76–82.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2016) Complementary factors in processing. Hearing Journal. 69(3): 30-32.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2016) Confident, concise communication. Hearing Journal. 69(9): 44-46.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2016) Embracing the enigma of auditory processing disorder. Hearing Journal. 69(8): 40-46.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2016) Newborn hearing screening 2.0. Hearing Journal. 69(11): 44-46
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2016) Not-so-hidden hearing loss. Hearing Journal. 69(5): 38-40.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2016) Timescales of auditory processing. Hearing Journal. 69(1): 36-40.
  • 2015
  • White-Schwoch T, Woodruff Carr K, Thompson EC, Anderson S, Nicol T, Bradlow AR, Zecker SG, Kraus N (2015) Auditory processing in noise: a preschool biomarker for literacy. PLoS Biology. 13(7): e1002196.
  • Anderson S, Parbery-Clark A, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2015) Development of subcortical speech representation in infant humans. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 137(6): 3346-3355.
  • Fitzroy A, Krizman J, Tierney A, Agouridou M, Kraus N (2015) Longitudinal maturation of auditory cortical function during adolescence. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 0.743055556
  • Kraus N, Slater J (2015) Music and language: relations and disconnections The Human Auditory System: Fundamental Organization and Clinical Disorders. Handbook of Clinical Neurology. 129: 207-222. Celesia G, Hickok G, eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Kraus N, Strait DL (2015) Emergence of biological markers of musicianship with school-based music instruction. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1337: 163-169.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2015) Unraveling the biology of auditory learning: a cognitive-sensorimotor-reward framework. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 19(11): 642-654.
  • Krizman J, Slater J, Skoe E, Marian V, Kraus N (2015) Neural processing of speech in children is influenced by extent of bilingual experience. Neuroscience Letters. 5: 48-53.
  • Krizman J, Tierney A, Fitzroy A, Skoe E, Amar J, Kraus N (2015) Continued maturation of auditory brainstem function during adolescence: a longitudinal approach. Clinical Neurophysiology. 126: 2348-2355.
  • Lee KM, Skoe E, Kraus N, Ashley R (2015) Neural transformation of dissonant intervals in the auditory brainstem. Music Perception. 32(5): 445-459.
  • Lehmann A, Skoe E, Moreau P, Peretz I, Kraus N (2015) Impairments in musical abilities reflected in the auditory brainstem: evidence from congenital amusia. European Journal of Neuroscience. 42(1): 1644-1650.
  • Nan Y, Skoe E, Nicol T, Kraus N (2015) Auditory brainstem's sensitivity to human voices. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 95: 333–337.
  • Skoe E, Krizman J, Anderson S, Kraus N (2015) Stability and plasticity of auditory brainstem function across the lifespan. Cerebral Cortex. 25(6): 1415-1426.
  • Skoe E, Krizman J, Spitzer E, Kraus N (2015) Prior experience biases subcortical sensitivity to sound patterns. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 27(1): 124-140.
  • Slater J, Skoe E, Strait D, O'Connell S, Thompson EC, Kraus N (2015) Music training improves speech-in-noise perception: longitudinal evidence from a community-based music program. Behavioural Brain Research. 291: 244-252.
  • Spitzer E, White-Schwoch T, Woodruff Carr K, Skoe E, Kraus N (2015) Continued maturation of the click-evoked auditory brainstem response in preschoolers. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 26: 30-35
  • Strait DL, Slater J, O'Connell S, Kraus N (2015) Music training relates to the development of neural mechanisms of selective auditory attention. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 12: 94-104
  • Thompson EC, White-Schwoch T, Tierney A, Kraus N (2015) Beat synchronization across the lifespan: intersection of development and musical experience. PLoS One. 10(6): e0128839.
  • Tierney A, Kraus N (2015) Evidence for multiple rhythmic skills. PLoS One. 10(9): e0136645.
  • Tierney A, Kraus N (2015) Neural entrainment to the rhythmic structure of music. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 27(2): 400-408.
  • Tierney A, Krizman J, Kraus N (2015) Music training alters the course of adolescent auditory development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 112(32): 10062-10067.
  • White-Schwoch T, Davies EC, Thompson EC, Woodruff Carr K, Nicol T, Bradlow AR, Kraus N (2015) Auditory-neurophysiological responses to speech during early childhood: effects of background noise. Hearing Research. 328: 34-47
  • Kraus N (2015) Editorial: Building a conceptual framework for auditory learning. Hearing Journal. 68(8): 6-8.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2015) Beat-keeping ability relates to reading readiness. Hearing Journal. 68(3): 54-56.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2015) Identifying neural signatures of auditory function. Hearing Journal. 68(1): 38-40.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2015) Low socioeconomic status linked to impaired auditory processing. Hearing Journal. 68(5): 38-40.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2015) Auditory brainstem development: more than meets the ear. Hearing Journal. 68(7): 30-32.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2015) cABR: a framework for intervention in listening disorders. Hearing Journal. 68(11): 8-9.
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2015) Listening in the din: a factor in learning disabilities?. Hearing Journal. 68(9): 38-40.
  • 2014
  • Krizman J, Skoe E, Marian V, Kraus N (2014) Bilingualism increases neural response consistency and attentional control: evidence for sensory and cognitive coupling. Brain and Language. 128: 34–40.
  • Abrams D, Kraus N (2014) Auditory pathway representation of speech sounds in humans. Handbook of Clinical Audiology. 7: 611-626. Katz J, Hood L, Burkard R, Medwetsky L, eds. Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands.
  • Anderson S, White-Schwoch T, Choi HJ, Kraus N (2014) Partial maintenance of auditory-based cognitive training benefits in older adults. Neuropsychologia. 62: 286-296
  • Chandrasekaran B, Skoe E, Kraus N (2014) An integrative model of subcortical auditory plasticity. Brain Topography. 27(4): 539–552.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Music benefits across the lifespan: enhanced processing of speech in noise. Hearing Review. 21(8): 18-21.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) The ear-brain connection: the role of cognition in neural speech processing. ENT & Audiology News. 23(3): 98-99.
  • Kraus N, Hornickel J, Strait DL, Slater J, Thompson EC (2014) Engagement in community music classes sparks neuroplasticity and language development in children from disadvantaged backgrounds. Frontiers in Psychology, Cognitive Science. 5(1403).
  • Kraus N, Nicol T (2014) The cognitive auditory system: the role of learning in shaping the biology of the auditory system. Perspectives on Auditory Research. Springer Handbook of Auditory Research 50: 299-319. Fay R, Popper A, eds. Springer Science+Business Media, Berlin, Germany.
  • Kraus N, Slater J, Thompson EC, Hornickel J, Strait D, Nicol T, White-Schwoch T (2014) Music enrichment programs improve the neural encoding of speech in at-risk children. Journal of Neuroscience. 34(36): 11913-11918.
  • Kraus N, Slater J, Thompson EC, Hornickel J, Strait DL, Nicol T, White-Schwoch T (2014) Auditory learning through active engagement with sound: Biological impact of community music lessons in at-risk children. Frontiers in Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience. 8(351).
  • Kraus N, White-Schwoch T (2014) Music training: lifelong investment to protect the brain from aging and hearing loss. Acoustics Australia. 42(2): 117-123.
  • Kraus N, Zatorre RJ, Strait DL (2014) Editors’ introduction to hearing research special issue: Music, a window into the hearing brain. Hearing Research. 308: 1-2.
  • Kraus N, Zatorre RJ, Strait DL, eds (2014) Music: a window into the hearing brain. Hearing Research Special Issue. 308
  • Skoe E, Chandrasekaran B, Spitzer E, Wong PCM, Kraus N (2014) Human brainstem plasticity: the interaction of stimulus probability and auditory learning. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 109: 82-93.
  • Skoe E, Kraus N (2014) Auditory reserve and the legacy of auditory experience. Brain Sciences. 4: 575-593.
  • Slater J, Strait DL, Skoe E, O’Connell S, Thompson EC, Kraus N (2014) Longitudinal effects of group music instruction on literacy skills in low-income children. PLoS One. 9(11): e113383.
  • Strait DL, Kraus N (2014) Biological impact of auditory expertise across the life span: musicians as a model of auditory learning. Hearing Research. 308: 109-121.
  • Strait DL, O’Connell S, Parbery-Clark A, Kraus N (2014) Musicians’ enhanced neural differentiation of speech sounds arises early in life: developmental evidence from ages three to thirty. Cerebral Cortex. 24(9): 2512-2521.
  • Strait DL, Slater J, Abecassis V, Kraus N (2014) Cortical response variability as a developmental index of selective auditory attention. Developmental Science. 17(2): 175–186.
  • Tierney A, Kraus N (2014) Auditory-motor entrainment and phonological skills: precise auditory timing hypothesis (PATH). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8(949).
  • Tierney A, Strait DL, Kraus N (2014) Resting gamma power is linked to reading ability in adolescents. Developmental Science. 17(1): 86-93.
  • Woodruff Carr K, White-Schwoch T, Tierney A, Strait DL, Kraus N (2014) Beat synchronization predicts neural speech encoding and reading readiness in preschoolers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111(40): 14559-14564.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Better speech processing in smaller amplitudes. Hearing Journal. 67(3): 48.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Bilingualism enhances neural speech encoding. Hearing Journal. 67(7): 40.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Community-based training shows objective evidence of efficacy. Hearing Journal. 67(11): 46-47.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Toward a biologic index of APD. Hearing Journal. 67(9): 48.
  • Kraus N (2014) Editorial: Neural synchrony: opening an umbrella. Hearing Journal. 67(6): 6.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2014) Bigger is not better: effects of hearing loss on central processing. Hearing Journal. 67(1): 24.
  • 2013
  • Hornickel J, Kraus N (2013) Unstable representation of sound: a biological marker of dyslexia. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(8): 3500-3504.
  • Anderson S, White-Schwoch T, Parbery-Clark A, Kraus N (2013) Reversal of age-related neural timing delays with training. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110(11): 4357-4362.
  • Anderson S, Kraus N (2013) Auditory training: evidence for neural plasticity in older adults. SIG 6, Perspectives on Hearing and Hearing Disorders: Research and Diagnostics. 17: 37-57.
  • Anderson S, Kraus N (2013) The potential role of the cABR in assessment and management of hearing impairment. International Journal of Otolaryngology.
  • Anderson S, Parbery-Clark A, White-Schwoch T, Drehobl S, Kraus N (2013) Effects of hearing loss on the subcortical representation of speech cues. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 133(5): 3030-3038
  • Anderson S, Parbery-Clark A, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2013) Auditory brainstem response to complex sounds predicts self-reported speech-in-noise performance. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 56(1): 31-43.
  • Anderson S, White-Schwoch T, Choi HJ, Kraus N (2013) Training changes processing of speech cues in older adults with hearing loss. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 7(97).
  • Anderson S, White-Schwoch T, Parbery-Clark A, Kraus N (2013) A dynamic auditory-cognitive system supports speech-in-noise perception in older adults. Hearing Research. 300: 18-32.
  • Barrett KC, Ashley R, Strait DL, Kraus N (2013) Art and science: how musical training shapes the brain. Frontiers in Psychology. 4(713).
  • Hornickel J, Lin D, Kraus N (2013) Speech-evoked auditory brainstem responses reflect familial and cognitive influences. Developmental Science. 16(1): 101-110.
  • Kraus N (2013) 20Q: Noise, aging and the brain - how experience and training can improve communication. AudiologyOnline. 11990
  • Kraus N (2013) Facing the music: musicianship's effect on the brain. Canadian Hearing Report. 18: 21-22.
  • Kraus N (2013) Playing music to improve hearing in noise and tune the brain. ENT & Audiology News. 22: 92-93.
  • Parbery-Clark A, Anderson S, Kraus N (2013) Musicians change their tune: how hearing loss alters the neural code. Hearing Research. 302: 121-131.
  • Parbery-Clark A, Strait DL, Hittner E, Kraus N (2013) Musical training enhances neural processing of binaural sounds. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(42): 16741–16747.
  • Skoe E, Kraus N (2013) Musical training heightens auditory brainstem function during sensitive periods in development. Frontiers in Psychology. 4(622). Edited by Virginia Penhune.
  • Skoe E, Krizman J, Kraus N (2013) The impoverished brain: disparities in maternal education affect the neural response to sound. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(44): 17221–17231.
  • Skoe E, Krizman J, Spitzer E, Kraus N (2013) The auditory brainstem is a barometer of rapid auditory learning. Neuroscience. 243: 104-114.
  • Slater J, Tierney A, Kraus N (2013) At-risk elementary school children with one year of classroom music instruction are better at keeping a beat. PLoS One. 8(10): e77250.
  • Strait DL, O'Connell S, Parbery-Clark A, Kraus N (2013) Biological impact of preschool music classes on processing speech in noise. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 6: 51-60.
  • Tierney A, Kraus N (2013) Musical training for the development of language skills. Changing Brains – Applying Brain Plasticity to Advance and Recover Human Ability. 207: 209-241. Merzenich M, Nahum M, Vleet, T, eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Tierney A, Kraus N (2013) Neural responses to sounds presented on and off the beat of ecologically valid music. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 7(14).
  • Tierney A, Kraus N (2013) The ability to move to a beat is linked to the consistency of neural responses to sound. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(38): 14981–14988.
  • Tierney A, Kraus N (2013) The ability to tap to a beat relates to cognitive, linguistic, and perceptual skills. Brain and Language. 124: 225–231.
  • Tierney A, Krizman J, Skoe E, Johnston K, Kraus N (2013) High school music classes enhance the neural processing of speech. Frontiers in Educational Psychology. 4(855).
  • Tierney A, Strait DL, O'Connell S, Kraus N (2013) Developmental changes in resting gamma power from age three to adulthood. Clinical Neurophysiology. 124(5): 1040-2.
  • White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2013) Physiologic discrimination of stop consonants relates to phonological ability in pre-readers: a biomarker for subsequent reading ability?. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7(899).
  • White-Schwoch T, Woodruff Carr K, Anderson S, Strait DL, Kraus N (2013) Older adults benefit from music training early in life: biological evidence for long-term training-driven plasticity. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(45): 17667-17674.
  • Zecker S, Hoffman H, Frisina R, Dubno J, Dhar S, Wallhagen M, Kraus N, Griffith JW, Walton JP, Eddins DA, Newman C, Victorson D, Warrier CM, Wilson RH (2013) Audition assessment using the NIH Toolbox. Neurology. 80: S45-S48.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) For reading development, auditory processing is fundamental. Hearing Journal. 66(9): 40.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) In older adults, the brain can still be trained to hear in noise. Hearing Journal. 66(5): 32.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) Music training: an antidote for aging. Hearing Journal. 66(3): 52.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) The auditory-cognitive system: To screen or not to screen. Hearing Journal. 66(7): 36.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) The effects of aging on auditory processing. Hearing Journal. 66(1): 36.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2013) Treatment for auditory based learning impairments: Evidence Supports Efficacy. Hearing Journal. 66(11): 40.
  • 2012
  • Hornickel J, Zecker S, Bradlow AR, Kraus N (2012) Assistive listening devices drive neuroplasticity in children with dyslexia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(41): 16731–16736.
  • Anderson S, Kraus N (2012) cABR: a neural probe of speech-in-noise processing. Proceedings of ISAAR 2011: Speech perception and auditory disorders. 3rd International Symposium on Auditory and Audiological Research. August 2011, Nyborg, DK. Dau T, Jepsen ML, Cristensen-Dalsgaard J, Poulsen T, eds.
  • Anderson S, Parbery-Clark A, White-Schwoch T, Kraus N (2012) Aging affects neural precision of speech encoding. Journal of Neuroscience. 32(41): 14156-14164.
  • Chandrasekaran B, Kraus N (2012) Biological factors contributing to reading ability: subcortical auditory function. Developmental Dyslexia: Early Precursors, Neurobehavioral Markers and Biological Substrates. 83-98. Benasich AA, Fitch R, eds. Brookes Publishing Company, Baltimore, MD.
  • Chandrasekaran B, Kraus N, Wong PCM (2012) Human inferior colliculus activity relates to individual differences in spoken language learning. Journal of Neurophysiology. 107(5): 1325-1336.
  • Hornickel J, Anderson S, Skoe E, Yi H, Kraus N (2012) Subcortical representation of speech fine structure relates to reading ability. NeuroReport. 23(1): 6-9.
  • Hornickel J, Knowles E, Kraus N (2012) Reliability of the auditory brainstem responses to speech over one year in school-age children: a reply to Drs McFarland and Cacace. Hearing Research. 287(1-2): 3-5
  • Hornickel J, Knowles E, Kraus N (2012) Test-retest consistency of speech-evoked auditory brainstem responses in typically-developing children. Hearing Research. 284(1-2): 52-58.
  • Kraus N (2012) Atypical brain oscillations: a biological basis of dyslexia?. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 16(1): 12-13.
  • Kraus N (2012) Biological impact of music and software-based auditory training. Journal of Communication Disorders. 45: 403–410.
  • Kraus N, Hornickel J (2012) cABR: a biological probe of auditory processing. Auditory Processing Disorders: Assessment, Management and Treatment. 2nd edition: 159-183. Geffner D, Ross-Swain D, eds. Plural Publishing, San Diego, CA.
  • Kraus N, Hornickel J (2012) Meaningful engagement with sound for strengthening communication skills. Auditory Processing Disorders: Assessment, Management and Treatment. 2nd edition: 689-717. Geffner D, Ross-Swain D, eds. Plural Publishing, San Diego, CA.
  • Kraus N, Strait D, Parbery-Clark A (2012) Cognitive factors shape brain networks for auditory skills: spotlight on auditory working memory. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: The Neurosciences and Music IV. 1252: 100-107.
  • Krizman J, Marian V, Shook A, Skoe E, Kraus N (2012) Subcortical encoding of sound is enhanced in bilinguals and relates to executive function advantages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109(20): 7877-7881.
  • Krizman J, Skoe E, Kraus N (2012) Sex differences in auditory subcortical function. Clinical Neurophysiology. 123: 590-597.
  • Parbery-Clark A, Anderson S, Hittner E, Kraus N (2012) Musical experience offsets age-related delays in neural timing. Neurobiology of Aging. 33: 1483.e1–1483.e4.
  • Parbery-Clark A, Anderson S, Hittner E, Kraus N (2012) Musical experience strengthens the neural representation of sounds important for communication in middle-aged adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 4(30): 1-12.
  • Parbery-Clark A, Tierney A, Strait DL, Kraus N (2012) Musicians have fine-tuned neural distinction of speech syllables. Neuroscience. 219:111-119.
  • Skoe E, Kraus N (2012) A little goes a long way: how the adult brain is shaped by musical training in childhood. Journal of Neuroscience. 32(34): 11507–11510.
  • Song J, Skoe E, Banai K, Kraus N (2012) Training to improve hearing speech in noise: biological mechanisms. Cerebral Cortex. 22: 1180-1190.
  • Strait DL, Chan K, Ashley R, Kraus N (2012) Specialization among the specialized: auditory brainstem function is tuned in to timbre. Cortex. 48: 360-362.
  • Strait DL, Parbery-Clark A, Hittner E, Kraus N (2012) Musical training during early childhood enhances the neural encoding of speech in noise. Brain and Language. 123: 191–201.
  • Hornickel J, Kraus N (2012) Breaking news: cABR can predict auditory-based communication skills. Hearing Journal. 65(9): 28-30.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2012) cABR may improve hearing aid outcomes. Hearing Journal. 65(11): 56.
  • Kraus N, Anderson S (2012) Hearing matters: hearing with our brains. Hearing Journal. 65(9): 48.
  • 2011
  • Abrams D, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2011) A possible role for a paralemniscal auditory pathway in the coding of slow temporal information. Hearing Research. 272: 125-34.
  • Anderson S, Kraus N (2011) Neural encoding of speech and music: implications for hearing speech in noise. Seminars in Hearing. 32: 129-141.
  • Anderson S, Parbery-Clark A, Yi H, Kraus N (2011) A neural basis of speech-in-noise perception in older adults. Ear and Hearing. 32(6): 750-757.
  • Hornickel J, Chandrasekaran B, Zecker S, Kraus N (2011) Auditory brainstem measures predict reading and speech-in-noise perception in school-aged children. Behavioural Brain Research. 216: 597-605
  • Hornickel J, Kraus N (2011) Objective biological measures for the assessment and management of auditory processing disorder. Current Pediatric Reviews. 7(3): 252-261.
  • Kraus N (2011) Listening in on the listening brain. Physics Today. 64(6): 40-45.
  • Marmel F, Parbery-Clark A, Skoe E, Nicol T, Kraus N (2011) Harmonic relationships influence auditory brainstem encoding of chords. NeuroReport. 22: 504–508.
  • Parbery-Clark A, Marmel F, Bair J, Kraus N (2011) What subcortical-cortical relationships tell us about processing speech in noise. European Journal of Neuroscience. 33: 549–557
  • Parbery-Clark A, Strait DL, Anderson S, Hittner E, Kraus N (2011) Musical experience and the aging auditory system: implications for cognitive abilities and hearing speech in noise. PLoS One. 6(5): e18082.
  • Parbery-Clark A, Strait DL, Kraus N (2011) Context-dependent encoding in the auditory brainstem subserves enhanced speech-in-noise perception in musicians. Neuropsychologia. 49: 3338–3345.
  • Skoe E, Kraus N (2011) Human subcortical auditory function provides a new conceptual framework for considering modularity: a commentary of Isabelle Peretz’ keynote paper “Music, language and modularity in action. Language and Music as Cognitive Systems. 269-282. Rebuschat P, Rohrmeier M, Hawkins J, Cross I, eds. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Skoe E, Nicol T, Kraus N (2011) Cross-phaseogram: objective neural index of speech sound differentiation. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 196: 308–317.
  • Song J, Nicol T, Kraus N (2011) Test-retest reliability of the speech-evoked auditory brainstem response. Clinical Neurophysiology. 122: 346-355.
  • Song J, Skoe E, Banai K, Kraus N (2011) Perception of speech in noise: neural correlates. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 23(9): 2268–2279.
  • Strait DL, Hornickel J, Kraus N (2011) Subcortical processing of speech regularities predicts reading and music aptitude in children. Behavioral and Brain Functions. 7(44).
  • Strait DL, Kraus N (2011) Can you hear me now? Musical training shapes functional brain networks for selective auditory attention and hearing speech in noise. Frontiers in Psychology. 2(113).
  • Strait DL, Kraus N (2011) Playing music for a smarter ear: cognitive, perceptual and neurobiological evidence. Music Perception. 29(2): 133-146.
  • Tierney A, Parbery-Clark A, Skoe E, Kraus N (2011) Frequency-dependent effects of background noise on subcortical response timing. Hearing Research. 282: 145-150.
  • Warrier C, Nicol T, Abrams D, Kraus N (2011) Inferior colliculus contributions to phase encoding of stop consonants in an animal model. Hearing Research. 282: 108-118.
  • Kraus N (2011) Musical training gives edge in auditory processing. Hearing Journal. 64(2): 10-16.
  • 2010
  • Abrams D, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2010) Rapid acoustic processing in the auditory brainstem is not related to cortical asymmetry for the syllable rate of speech. Clinical Neurophysiology. 121(8): 1343-1350.
  • Anderson S, Chandrasekaran B, Yi H, Kraus N (2010) Cortical-evoked potentials reflect speech-in-noise perception in children. European Journal of Neuroscience. 32:1407-1413.
  • Anderson S, Kraus N (2010) Objective neural indices of speech-in-noise perception. Trends in Amplification. 14:73-83.
  • Anderson S, Kraus N (2010) Sensory-cognitive interaction in the neural encoding of speech in noise: a review. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 21:575–585.
  • Anderson S, Skoe E, Chandrasekaran B, Kraus N (2010) Neural timing is linked to speech perception in noise. Journal of Neuroscience. 30(14): 4922-4926.
  • Anderson S, Skoe E, Chandrasekaran B, Zecker S, Kraus N (2010) Brainstem correlates of speech-in-noise perception in children. Hearing Research. 270:151-157.
  • Chandrasekaran B, Kraus N (2010) Music, noise-exclusion, and learning. Music Perception. 27(4): 297-306.
  • Chandrasekaran B, Kraus N (2010) The scalp-recorded brainstem response to speech: neural origins. Psychophysiology. 47: 236-246.
  • Kraus N, Banai K (2010) Listening, literacy and the neural transcription of sound. Proceedings of the First International Virtual Conference on FM: Access, Achieving Clear Communication, Employing Sound Solutions. 9-26. DeConde Johnson C, Lewis D, Mulder H, Thibodeau L, eds.
  • Kraus N, Chandrasekaran B (2010) Music training for the development of auditory skills. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 11:599-605.
  • Kraus N, Nicol T (2010) The musician's auditory world. Acoustics Today. 6(3): 15-27.
  • Krizman J, Skoe E, Kraus N (2010) Stimulus rate and subcortical auditory processing of speech. Audiology Neurotology. 15: 332-342.
  • Russo NM, Hornickel J, Nicol T, Zecker S, and Kraus N (2010) Biological changes in auditory function following training in children with autism spectrum disorders. Behavioral and Brain Functions. 6(60).
  • Skoe E, Kraus N (2010) Auditory brainstem response to complex sounds: a tutorial. Ear and Hearing. 31(3): 302-324.
  • Skoe E, Kraus N (2010) Hearing it again and again: on-line subcortical plasticity in humans. PLoS One. 5(10): e13645.
  • Strait DL, Kraus N, Parbery-Clark A, Ashley R (2010) Musical experience shapes top-down auditory mechanisms: evidence from masking and auditory attention performance. Hearing Research. 261: 22-29.
  • Wang JQ, Nicol T, Skoe E, Sams M, Kraus N (2010) Emotion and the auditory brainstem responses to speech. Neuroscience Letters. 469(3): 319-23.
  • 2009
  • Abrams D, Kraus N (2009) Auditory pathway representation of speech sounds in humans. Handbook of Clinical Audiology. 6th edition: 611-626. Katz J, Hood L, Burkard R, Medwetsky L, eds. Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands.
  • Abrams D, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2009) Abnormal cortical processing of the syllable rate of speech in poor readers. Journal of Neuroscience. 29: 7686-7693.
  • Banai K, Hornickel JM, Skoe E, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2009) Reading and subcortical auditory function. Cerebral Cortex. 19(11): 2699-2707.
  • Chandrasekaran B, Hornickel J, Skoe E, Nicol T, Kraus N (2009) Context-dependent encoding in the human auditory brainstem relates to hearing speech in noise: Implications for developmental dyslexia. Neuron. 64: 311-319.
  • Dhar S, Abel R, Hornickel J, Nicol T, Skoe E, Zhao W, Kraus N (2009) Exploring the relationship between physiological measures of cochlear and brainstem function. Clinical Neurophysiology. 120: 959-966.
  • Hornickel J, Skoe E, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2009) Subcortical differentiation of voiced stop consonants relates to reading and speech in noise perception. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 106(31): 13022–13027.
  • Hornickel JM, Skoe E, Kraus N (2009) Subcortical laterality of speech encoding. Audiology and Neurotology. 14: 198-207.
  • Kraus N, Nicol T (2009) Auditory evoked potentials. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. 214-218. Binder MD, Hirokawa N, Windhorst U, eds. Springer Science+Business Media, Berlin, Germany.
  • Kraus N, Skoe E (2009) New directions: cochlear implants. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Neurosciences and Music III. 1169: 516-517.
  • Kraus N, Skoe E, Parbery-Clark A, Ashley R (2009) Experience-induced malleability in neural encoding of pitch, timbre and timing: implications for language and music. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Neurosciences and Music III. 1169: 543-557.
  • Lee KM, Skoe E, Kraus N, Ashley R (2009) Selective subcortical enhancement of musical intervals in musicians. Journal of Neuroscience. 29(18): 5832-5840.
  • Musacchia G, Arum L, Garstecki D, Nicol T, Kraus N (2009) Audiovisual deficits in older adults with hearing loss: biological evidence. Ear and Hearing. 30(5): 1-10.
  • Parbery-Clark A, Skoe E, Kraus N (2009) Musical experience limits the degradative effects of background noise on the neural processing of sound. Journal of Neuroscience. 29: 14100-14107.
  • Parbery-Clark A, Skoe E, Lam C, Kraus N (2009) Musician enhancement for speech in noise. Ear and Hearing. 30(6): 653-661.
  • Russo NM, Nicol T, Trommer BL, Zecker S, Kraus N (2009) Brainstem transcription of speech is disrupted in children with autism spectrum disorders. Developmental Science. 12(4): 557–567.
  • Russo NM, Zecker S, Trommer B, Chen J, Kraus N (2009) Effects of background noise on cortical encoding of speech in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 39: 1185-1196.
  • Strait DL, Skoe E, Ashley R, Kraus N (2009) Musical experience promotes subcortical efficiency in processing emotional vocal sounds. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Neurosciences and Music III. 1169: 209-213.
  • Strait DL, Skoe E, Kraus N, Ashley R (2009) Musical experience and neural efficiency - effects of training on subcortical processing of vocal expressions of emotion. European Journal of Neuroscience. 29: 661-668.
  • Tzounopoulos T, Kraus N (2009) Learning to encode timing: mechanisms of plasticity in the auditory brainstem. Neuron. 62(4): 463-469.
  • Wang JQ, Nicol T, Skoe E, Sams M, Kraus N (2009) Emotion modulates early auditory response to speech. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 21(11): 2121–2128.
  • Warrier C, Wong PCM, Penhune V, Zatorre R, Parrish T, Abrams D, Kraus N (2009) Relating structure to function: Heschl's Gyrus and acoustic processing. Journal of Neuroscience. 29(1): 61–69.
  • 2008
  • Abrams D, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2008) Right-hemisphere auditory cortex is dominant for coding syllable patterns in speech. Journal of Neuroscience. 28(15): 3958-3965.
  • Banai K, Kraus N (2008) The dynamic brainstem: implications for APD. Current controversies in central auditory processing disorder. 269-289. McFarland D, Cacace A, eds. Plural Publishing, San Diego, CA.
  • Johnson KL, Nicol T, Kraus N (2008) Developmental plasticity in the human auditory brainstem. Journal of Neuroscience. 28(15): 4000-4007.
  • Johnson KL, Nicol TG, Zecker SG, Bradlow AR, Skoe E, Kraus N (2008) Brainstem encoding of voiced consonant-vowel stop syllables. Clinical Neurophysiology. 119: 2623-2635.
  • Musacchia G, Strait D, Kraus N (2008) Relationships between behavior, brainstem and cortical encoding of seen and heard speech in musicians and nonmusicians. Hearing Research. 241: 34-42.
  • Russo NM, Bradlow AR, Skoe E, Trommer BL, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2008) Deficient brainstem encoding of pitch in children with autism spectrum disorders. Clinical Neurophysiology. 119(8): 1720-1731.
  • Russo NM, Larson C, Kraus N (2008) Audio-vocal system regulation in children with autism spectrum disorders. Experimental Brain Research. 188: 111-124.
  • Song JH, Banai K, Kraus N (2008) Brainstem timing deficits in children with learning impairment may result from corticofugal origins. Audiology Neuro-Otolology. 13: 335-344.
  • Song JH, Skoe E, Wong PCM, Kraus N (2008) Plasticity in the adult human auditory brainstem following short-term linguistic training. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 20(10): 1892-1902.
  • Stegemöller EL, Skoe E, Nicol T, Warrier C, Kraus N (2008) Musical training and vocal production of speech and song. Music Perception. 25(5): 419-428.
  • 2007
  • Banai K, Abrams D, Kraus N (2007) Sensory-based learning disability: Insights from brainstem processing of speech sounds. International Journal of Audiology. 46: 524-532.
  • Johnson K, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2007) Auditory brainstem correlates of perceptual timing deficits. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 19: 376-385.
  • Kraus N, Banai K (2007) Auditory processing malleability: focus on language and music. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 16: 105-109.
  • Musacchia G, Sams M, Skoe E, Kraus N (2007) Musicians have enhanced subcortical auditory and audiovisual processing of speech and music. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 104(40): 15894-15898.
  • Wong PCM, Skoe E, Russo NM, Dees T, Kraus N (2007) Musical experience shapes human brainstem encoding of linguistic pitch patterns. Nature Neuroscience. 10: 420-422.
  • 2006
  • Abrams A, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2006) Auditory brainstem timing predicts cerebral asymmetry for speech. Journal of Neuroscience. 26: 11131-11137.
  • Banai K, Kraus N (2006) Neurobiology of (central) auditory processing disorder and language-based learning disability. Handbook of Central Auditory Processing Disorder, Volume I: Auditory Neuroscience and Diagnosis. 2nd edition: 89-116. Chermak GD, Musiek FE, eds. Plural Publishing, San Diego, CA.
  • Musacchia GE, Sams M, Nicol TG, Kraus N (2006) Seeing speech affects acoustic information processing in the human brainstem. Experimental Brain Research. 168: 1-10.
  • Song JH, Banai K, Russo NM, Kraus N (2006) On the relationship between speech and nonspeech evoked auditory brainstem responses. Audiology and Neuro-Otology. 11: 233-241.
  • 2005
  • Banai K, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2005) Brainstem timing: implications for cortical processing and literacy. Journal of Neuroscience. 25(43): 9850-9857.
  • Johnson KL, Nicol T, Kraus N (2005) The brainstem response to speech: a biological marker. Ear and Hearing. 26(5): 424-433.
  • Kraus N, Nicol T (2005) Brainstem origins for cortical "what" and "where" pathways in the auditory system. Trends in Neurosciences. 28: 176-181.
  • Nicol T, Kraus N (2005) How can the neural encoding and perception of speech be improved? Plasticity and Signal Representation in the Auditory System. . 259-270. Merzenich M, Syka J, eds. Springer Publishing, New York, NY
  • Russo N, Nicol T, Zecker S, Hayes E, Kraus N (2005) Auditory training improves neural timing in the human brainstem. Behavioral Brain Research. 156: 95-103.
  • Wible B, Nicol T, Kraus N (2005) Correlation between brainstem and cortical auditory processes in normal and language-impaired children. Brain. 128: 417-423.
  • Wible B, Nicol T, Kraus N (2005) Encoding of complex sounds in an animal model: implications for understanding speech perception in humans. Auditory Cortex: Towards a Synthesis of Human and Animal Research. 241-254. Konig R, Heil P, Budinger E, Scheich H, eds. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ.
  • 2004
  • Nicol T, Kraus N (2004) Speech-sound encoding: physiological manifestations and behavioral ramifications. Clinical Neurophysiology Supplement. 57: 624-630.
  • Russo N, Nicol T, Musacchia G, Kraus N (2004) Brainstem responses to speech syllables. Clinical Neurophysiology. 115: 2021-2030.
  • Warrier CM, Johnson KL, Hayes E, Nicol T, Kraus N (2004) Learning impaired children exhibit timing deficits and training-related improvements in auditory cortical responses to speech in noise. Experimental Brain Research. 157: 431-441.
  • Wible B, Nicol T, Kraus N (2004) Atypical brainstem representation of onset and formant structure of speech sounds in children with language-based learning problems. Biological Psychology. 67: 299-317.
  • 2003
  • Bradlow AR, Kraus N, Hayes E (2003) Speaking clearly for children with learning disabilities: sentence perception in noise. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research. 46: 80-97.
  • Hayes E, Tiippana K, Nicol T, Sams M, Kraus N (2003) Integration of heard and seen speech: a factor in learning disabilities in children. Neuroscience Letters. 351: 46-50.
  • Hayes E, Warrier CM, Nicol T, Zecker SG, Kraus N (2003) Neural plasticity following auditory training in children with learning problems. Clinical Neurophysiology. 114: 673-684.
  • Kraus N, Nicol T (2003) Aggregate neural responses to speech sounds in the central auditory system. Speech Communication. 41: 35-47.
  • 2002
  • Cunningham J, Nicol T, King CD, Zecker SG, Kraus N (2002) Effects of noise and cue enhancement on neural responses to speech in auditory midbrain, thalamus and cortex. Hearing Research. 169: 97-111.
  • Firszt J, Chambers R, Kraus N (2002) Neurophysiology of cochlear implant users II: comparison among speech perception, dynamic range and physiological measures. Ear and Hearing. 23: 516-531.
  • Firszt J, Chambers R, Kraus N, Reeder R (2002) Neurophysiology of cochlear implant users I: effects of stimulus current level and electrode site on the electrical ABR, MLR and N1-P2 response. Ear and Hearing. 23: 502-515
  • King C, Warrier CM, Hayes E, Kraus N (2002) Deficits in auditory brainstem encoding of speech sounds in children with learning problems. Neuroscience Letters. 319: 111-115.
  • Tremblay K, Kraus N (2002) Beyond the ear: central auditory plasticity. Otorhinolaringology Reviews. 52: 93-100.
  • Tremblay KL, Kraus N (2002) Auditory training induces asymmetrical changes in cortical neural activity. Journal of Speech and Language Hearing Research. 45: 564-572.
  • Wible B, Nicol TG, Kraus N (2002) Abnormal neural encoding of repeated speech stimuli in noise in children with learning problems. Clinical Neurophysiology. 113: 485-494.
  • 2001
  • Kraus N (2001) Auditory neuropathy: an historical and current perspective. Auditory neuropathy: A new perspective on hearing disorders. 1-14. Sininger Y, Starr A, eds. Singular Thomson Learning, London, UK.
  • Kraus N (2001) Auditory pathway encoding and neural plasticity in children with learning problems. Audiology Neuro-Otology. 6: 221-227.
  • McGee T, King C, Tremblay K, Nicol TG, Cunningham J, Kraus N (2001) Long-term habituation of the speech-elicited mismatch negativity. Psychophysiology. 38: 653-658.
  • Tremblay K, Kraus N, McGee TJ, Ponton CW, Otis B (2001) Central auditory plasticity: changes in the N1-P2 complex after speech-sound training. Ear and Hearing. 22: 79-90.
  • Cunningham J, Nicol T, Zecker SG, Bradlow AR, Kraus N (2001) Neurobiologic responses to speech in noise in children with learning problems: deficits and strategies for improvement. Clinical Neurophysiology. 112: 758-767.
  • 2000
  • Cunningham J, Nicol T, Zecker S, Kraus N (2000) Speech-evoked neurophysiologic responses in children with learning problems: development and behavioral correlates of perception. Ear and Hearing. 21: 554-568.
  • Allen J, Kraus N, Bradlow AR (2000) Neural representation of consciously imperceptible speech-sound differences. Perceptual Psychophysiology. 62: 1383-1393.
  • Bellis TJ, Nicol T, Kraus N (2000) Aging affects hemispheric asymmetry in the neural representation of speech sounds. Journal of Neuroscience. 20: 791-797.
  • Cheour M, Leppanen PH Kraus, N (2000) Mismatch negativity (MMN) as a tool for investigating auditory discrimination and sensory memory in infants and children. Clinical Neurophysiology. 111: 4-16.
  • Kraus N, Bradlow AR, Cheatham MA, Cunningham J, King C, Koch DB, Nicol T, McGee T, Stein L, Wright B (2000) Consequences of neural asynchrony: a case of auditory neuropathy. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology. 1: 33-45.
  • Kraus N, Cheour M (2000) Speech sound representation in the brain. Audiology Neuro-Otology. 5: 140-150.
  • 1999-1990
  • Bradlow AR, Koch D, Kraus N, Pisoni D (1999) Effects of talker and lexical variability on speech perception by special populations. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. 1956: 1953-1956.
  • Bradlow AR, Kraus N, Nicol TG, McGee TJ, Cunningham J, Zecker SG, Carrell TD (1999) Effects of lengthened formant transition duration on discrimination and neural representation of synthetic CV syllables by normal and learning-disabled children. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 106: 2086-2096.
  • Carrell TD, Bradlow AR, Nicol TG, Koch DB, Kraus N (1999) Interactive software for evaluating auditory discrimination. Ear and Hearing. 20: 175-6.
  • Harrison R, Kraus N, Lutkenhoner B, Rajan R, Schreiner C, eds (1998) Functional organization and plasticity of the auditory cortex. Audiology and Neuro-Otology. 3
  • Jacobson GP, Kraus N, McGee TJ (1997) Hearing as reflected by middle and long latency event-related potentials. Advances in Otorhinolaryngology. 53: 46-84.
  • King C, McGee T, Rubel EW, Nicol T, Kraus N (1995) Acoustic features and acoustic changes are represented by different central pathways. Hearing Research. 85: 45-52.
  • King C, Nicol T, McGee T, Kraus N (1999) Thalamic asymmetry is related to acoustic signal complexity. Neuroscience Letters. 267: 89-92.
  • Koch DB, McGee TJ, Bradlow AR, Kraus N (1999) Acoustic-phonetic approach toward understanding neural processes and speech perception. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 10: 304-318.
  • Kraus N (1999) Biology of speech-sound perception and linguistic experience. Pathologies of Speech and Language: Advances in Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics. 117-136. Maasen B, Groenen P, eds. Whurr Publishers, London, UK.
  • Kraus N (1999) Learning and perceiving speech sounds. Brain Mechanisms and Disorders in Language Comprehension. 10-11.
  • Kraus N (1999) Speech sound perception, neurophysiology, and plasticity. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 47: 123-129.
  • Kraus N, Kileny P, McGee T (1994) The MLR: clinical and theoretical principles. Handbook of Clinical Audiology. 4th edition: 387-402. Katz J, ed. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.
  • Kraus N, Koch DB, McGee TJ, Nicol TG, Cunningham J (1999) Speech-sound discrimination in school-age children: psychophysical and neurophysiologic measures. Journal of Speech and Language Hearing Research. 42: 1042-1060.
  • Kraus N, McGee T (1990) Clinical applications of the middle latency response. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 1: 130-3.
  • Kraus N, McGee T (1990) Topographic images of the auditory middle latency response. Advances in Audiology Volume VI: Auditory Evoked Magnetic Fields and Potentials. Grandori F, Hoke M, Romani G, eds. Karger Publishers, Basel, Switzerland.
  • Kraus N, McGee T (1990) Topographic mapping of the auditory middle latency response. Advances in Audiology Volume VI: Auditory Evoked Magnetic Fields and Potentials. 141-164. Hoke M, Grandori F, Romani GL, eds. Karger Publishers, Basel, Switzerland.
  • Kraus N, McGee T (1992) Electrophysiology of the human auditory system. The Mammalian Auditory System, Volume II. 335-404. Popper A, Fay R, eds. Springer Publishing, New York, NY.
  • Kraus N, McGee T (1993) Clinical implications of primary and nonprimary pathway contributions to the middle latency response generating system. Ear and Hearing. 14: 36-48.
  • Kraus N, McGee T (1993) The auditory middle latency response. The Principles and Applications in Auditory Evoked Potentials. 155-178. Jacobson J, ed. Allyn, Bacon, Simon, Shuster, Needham Heights, MA.
  • Kraus N, McGee T (1994) Auditory event-related potentials. Handbook of Clinical Audiology. 4th edition: 403-423. Katz J, ed. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.
  • Kraus N, McGee T (1994) Mismatch negativity in the assessment of central auditory function. American Journal of Audiology. 3(2): 39-51.
  • Kraus N, McGee T (1995) The generating system underlying the middle latency response. Perspectives of Event-Related Potentials Research. 93-101. Karmos G, Molnar M, Csepe V, Czigler I, Desmedt J, eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Kraus N, McGee T (1995) The middle latency response generating system. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. Supplement 44: 93-101.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, King C, Littman T, Nicol T (1994) Discrimination of speech-like contrasts in the auditory thalamus and cortex. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 96: 2758-68.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, King C, Tremblay K (1995) Central auditory system plasticity associated with speech discrimination training. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 7: 27-34.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, Sharma A, Micco A, Nicol T (1993) Speech evoked cortical potentials in children. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 4: 238-48.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, Sharma A, Nicol T (1995) Mismatch negativity to speech stimuli in school-age children. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. Supplement 44: 211-7.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, Sharma A, Nicol T (1995) Mismatch negativity to speech stimuli in school-age children. Perspectives of Event-Related Potentials Research. 211-217. Karmos G, Molnar M, Csepe V, Czigler I, Desmedt J, eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell TD, Sharma A (1995) Neurophysiologic bases of speech discrimination. Ear and Hearing. 16: 19-37.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Ferre J, Hoeppner JA, Carrell T, Sharma A, Nicol T (1993) Mismatch negativity in the neurophysiologic/behavioral evaluation of auditory processing deficits: a case study. Ear and Hearing. 14: 223-34.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Koch D (1998) Biologic bases of speech-sound perception and learning. Scandinavian Audiology. 27: 7-17.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Littman T, Nicol T (1992) Reticular formation influences on primary and non-primary auditory pathways as reflected by the middle latency response. Brain Research. 587: 186-94.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Littman T, Nicol T, King C (1994) Nonprimary auditory thalamic representation of acoustic change. Journal of Neurophysiology. 72: 1270-7.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Micco A, Sharma A, Carrell T, Nicol T (1993) Mismatch negativity in school-age children to speech stimuli that are just perceptibly different. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 88: 123-30.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Sharma A, Carrell T, Nicol T (1992) Mismatch negativity event-related potential elicited by speech stimuli. Ear and Hearing. 13: 158-64.
  • Kraus N, McGee TJ, Koch DB (1998) Speech sound perception and learning: biologic bases. Scandinavian Audiology Supplemental. 49: 7-17.
  • Kraus N, McGee TJ, Koch DB (1998) Speech sound representation, perception, and plasticity: a neurophysiologic perspective. Audiology Neuro-Otology. 3: 168-182.
  • Kraus N, Micco AG, Koch DB, McGee T, Carrell T, Sharma A, Wiet RJ, Weingarten CZ (1993) The mismatch negativity cortical evoked potential elicited by speech in cochlear-implant users. Hearing Research. 65: 118-24.
  • Kraus N, Näätänen R, eds. (1995) Mismatch negativity as an index of central auditory function. Ear and Hearing Special Issue.
  • Littman T, Kraus N, McGee T, Nicol T (1992) Binaural stimulation reveals functional differences between midline and temporal components of the middle latency response in guinea pigs. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 84: 362-72.
  • Littman T, Kraus N, McGee T, Nicol T (1994) Binaural response patterns in subdivisions of the medial geniculate body. Brain Research. 640: 286-95.
  • McGee T, Kraus N (1996) Auditory development reflected by middle latency response. Ear and Hearing. 17: 419-429.
  • McGee T, Kraus N, Comperatore C, Nicol T (1991) Subcortical and cortical components of the MLR generating system. Brain Research. 544: 211-20.
  • McGee T, Kraus N, Killion M, Rosenberg R, King C (1993) Improving the reliability of the auditory middle latency response by monitoring EEG delta activity. Ear and Hearing. 14: 76-84.
  • McGee T, Kraus N, King C, Nicol T, Carrell TD (1996) Acoustic elements of speechlike stimuli are reflected in surface recorded responses over the guinea pig temporal lobe. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 99: 3606-3614.
  • McGee T, Kraus N, Littman T, Nicol T (1992) Contributions of medial geniculate body subdivisions to the middle latency response. Hearing Research. 61: 147-54.
  • McGee T, Kraus N, Nicol T (1997) Is it really a mismatch negativity? An assessment of methods for determining response validity in individual subjects. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 104: 359-368.
  • McGee T, Kraus N, Nicol T, Littman T (1991) Contributions of the subcomponents of the medial geniculate body on the MLR. Hearing Research. 61: 147-154.
  • Micco AG, Kraus N, Koch DB, McGee TJ, Carrell TD, Sharma A, Nicol T, Wiet RJ (1995) Speech-evoked cognitive P300 potentials in cochlear implant recipients. American Journal of Otology. 16: 514-20.
  • Sharma A, Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, Nicol T (1993) Acoustic versus phonetic representation of speech as reflected by the mismatch negativity event-related potential. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 88: 64-71.
  • Sharma A, Kraus N, McGee TJ, Nicol TG (1997) Developmental changes in P1 and N1 central auditory responses elicited by consonant-vowel syllables. Electroencephalography and Clinicial Neurophysiology. 104: 540-545.
  • Sharma A, Kraus N, Nicol T, Carrell T, McGee T (1994) Physiological bases of pitch and place of articulation perception: a case study. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 95: 3011.
  • Stein L, Kraus N, McGee T, Koch DB (1995) New developments in the clinical application of auditory evoked potentials with children with multiple handicaps. Scandinavian Audiology Supplemental. 41: 18-30.
  • Stein L, Tremblay K, Pasternak J, Banerjee S, Lindemann K, Kraus N (1996) Brainstem abnormalities in neonates with normal otoacoustic emissions. Seminars in Hearing. 17: 197-213.
  • Toleikis R, Kraus N (1992) Effects of anesthetics on auditory evoked potentials. Intraoperative auditory monitoring perspectives and techniques. Academy of Otolaryngology 49-56. Wiet R, ed.
  • Tremblay K, Kraus N, Carrell TD, McGee T (1997) Central auditory system plasticity: generalization to novel stimuli following listening training. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 102: 3762-3773.
  • Tremblay K, Kraus N, McGee T (1998) The time course of auditory perceptual learning: neurophysiological changes during speech-sound training. Neuroreport. 9: 3557-60.
  • Kraus N (1996) The discriminating brain. The Hearing Journal. 49: 10-14.
  • Kraus N (1999) Speech-sound perceptual learning. The Hearing Journal. 52: 64-66.
  • Kraus N, McGee TJ, Carrell TD, Zecker SG, Nicol TG, Koch DB (1996) Auditory neurophysiologic responses and discrimination deficits in children with learning problems. Science. 273: 971-973.
  • 1989 and earlier
  • Disterhoft JF, Shipley MD, Kraus N (1983) Analyzing the rabbit NM conditioned reflex arc. Conditioning: Representation of Involved Neural Functions. 443-449. Woody CD, ed. Plenum Publishing, New York, NY.
  • Kraus N, Disterhoft JF (1981) Location of rabbit auditory cortex and description of single unit activity. Brain Research. 214: 279-286.
  • Kraus N, Disterhoft JF (1982) Response plasticity of single neurons in rabbit auditory association cortex during tone signalled learning. Brain Research. 246: 205-215.
  • Kraus N, Jacobson S, McGee T, Stark C (1988) Multichannel intracranial recording device using a color imaging brain mapping system. Brain Topography. 1: 61-64.
  • Kraus N, McGee T (1988) Color imaging of the human middle latency response. Ear and Hearing. 9: 159-67.
  • Kraus N, McGee T, Comperatore C (1989) MLRs in children are consistently present during wakefulness, stage 1, and REM sleep. Ear and Hearing. 10: 339-45.
  • Kraus N, Özdamar Ö, Heydemann PT, Stein L, Reed NL (1984) Auditory brain-stem responses in hydrocephalic patients. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 59: 310-7.
  • Kraus N, Özdamar Ö, Hier D, Stein L (1982) Auditory middle latency responses (MLRs) in patients with cortical lesions. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 54: 275-87.
  • Kraus N, Özdamar Ö, Stein L, Reed N (1984) Absent auditory brain stem response: peripheral hearing loss or brain stem dysfunction?. Laryngoscope. 94: 400-6.
  • Kraus N, Reed N, Smith DI, Stein L, Cartee C (1987) High-pass filter settings affect the detectability of MLRs in humans. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 68: 234-6.
  • Kraus N, Smith DI, Grossmann J (1985) Cortical mapping of the auditory middle latency response in the unanesthetized guinea pig. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 62: 219-26.
  • Kraus N, Smith DI, McGee T (1987) Rate and filter effects on the developing middle-latency response. Audiology. 26: 257-68.
  • Kraus N, Smith DI, McGee T (1988) Midline and temporal lobe MLRs in the guinea pig originate from different generator systems: a conceptual framework for new and existing data. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 70: 541-58.
  • Kraus N, Smith DI, McGee T, Stein L (1986) Development of the MLR in humans corresponds closely to an animal model. Proceedings, International Congress on Auditory Evoked Potentials. New York City, NY.
  • Kraus N, Smith DI, McGee T, Stein L, Cartee C (1987) Development of the middle latency response in an animal model and its relation to the human response. Hearing Research. 27: 165-76.
  • Kraus N, Smith DI, Reed NL, Stein LK, Cartee C (1985) Auditory middle latency responses in children: effects of age and diagnostic category. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 62: 343-51.
  • Kraus N, Smith DI, Reed NL, Willott J, Erwin J (1985) Auditory brainstem and middle latency responses in non-human primates. Hearing Research. 17: 219-26.
  • McGee T, Kraus N, Manfredi C (1988) Toward a strategy for analyzing the auditory middle-latency response waveform. Audiology. 27: 119-30.
  • McGee TJ, Kraus N, Wolters C (1988) Viewing the audiogram through a mathematical model. Ear and Hearing. 9: 153-156.
  • McGee TJ, Özdamar Ö, Kraus N (1983) Auditory middle latency responses in the guinea pig. American Journal of Otolaryngology. 4: 116-22.
  • Özdamar Ö, Kraus N (1983) Auditory brainstem response in infants recovering from bacterial meningitis: Neurologic assessment. Archives of Neurology. 40: 499-502.
  • Özdamar Ö, Kraus N (1983) Auditory middle-latency responses in humans. Audiology. 22: 34-49.
  • Özdamar Ö, Kraus N, Curry F (1982) Auditory brain stem and middle latency responses in a patient with cortical deafness. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 53: 224-30.
  • Özdamar Ö, Kraus N, Grossmann J (1986) Binaural interaction in the auditory middle latency response of the guinea pig. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 63: 476-83.
  • Smith DI, Kraus N (1987) Effects of chloral hydrate, pentobarbital, ketamine, and curare on the auditory middle latency response. American Journal of Otolaryngology. 8: 241-8.
  • Smith DI, Kraus N (1987) Postnatal development of the auditory brainstem response: (ABR) in the unanesthetized gerbil. Hearing Research. 27: 157-64.
  • Smith DI, Kraus N (1988) Intracranial and extracranial recordings of the auditory middle latency response. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. 71: 296-303.
  • Stein L, Kraus N (1985) Auditory evoked potentials and the multiply handicapped patient. The ABR. 337-349. Jacobson J, ed. College Hill Press, San Diego, CA.
  • Stein L, Özdamar Ö, Kraus N, Paton J (1983) Follow-up of infants screened by auditory brainstem response in the neonatal intensive care unit. Journal of Pediatrics. 103: 447-53.